Diagnostic and screening tests in cardiology can provide a wealth of information about the electrical activity of the heart. The rhythm of the heartbeat, how well it pumps blood through the heart’s chambers and valves, how easily blood flows through the coronary arteries to the heart muscle, and whether there are any tumors or structural abnormalities of the cardiovascular system.
Some cardiology tests can even record heart activity to give doctors important details about whether activities like exercise or lying down may be contributing factors to symptoms.
Patients with previous cardiovascular and renal risk have been identified as especially vulnerable to increased morbidity and mortality when suffering from COVID-19, and a considerable proportion of patients may develop vascular injury in the context of the disease that is associated with increased lethality. Cardiovascular and renal complications are a problem, and it is likely that in the near future they could pose a threat to patients who have survived COVID-19.
Cardiovascular prevention measures must be preceded by the adoption, or maintenance, where appropriate, of a healthy lifestyle, with special attention to diet, physical exercise, and abstention from toxic habits.
- Electrocardiogram (ECG)
- Holter ECG
- stress test
- Cardiological exploration
- Vascular exploration
- General Consultation: consultation with a cardiology specialist, includes ECG
- Electrocardiogram examination: includes the preparation and interpretation of an ECG
- Stress test: stress test to determine how well the heart is working during exercise
- Holter ECG examination: Holter ECG placement for 24 hours, the monitor is placed on the patient in the clinic, and it is removed the next day. The patient should lead a normal daily life.
- ABPM test: ABPM placement for 24 hours, to measure blood pressures for a full day. The patient should lead a normal daily life.
- Diagnosis by echocardiography: echocardiogram or cardiac ultrasound, for the detection of structural abnormalities of the heart.